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Faculty of Law - one of the youngest faculty of Kharkiv National University Karazin. It originates from the foundation of Kharkov Imperial University - the oldest university in Eastern Europe.The University was established by decree of Tsar Alexander I in 1804. Unlike other universities of the Russian Empire - Moscow, Kazan, St. Petersburg, created by a direct indication of the state, Kharkov University was due to "compassion and financial support of the Kharkov community."Establishment of Kharkov University rightly associated with personality Basil Nazarovych Karazin, with the landowner. Kruchyk, Slobodsko-Ukrainian province.He is the real "culprit" the existence of the University of Kharkov: he belonged to the idea of ??opening the university, he persuaded the Kharkiv nobility of the need to start university education and bowed him to donate funds towards the implementation of a university project, he put considerable effort in the capital to get Imperial permission to open the university, spoke with a lot of requests, complaints and requests to various agencies - the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Internal Affairs and others - from which the fate of his beloved child, and even received a "gracious reprimand" from the Emperor for his too active, he did a lot for the university system in the first stage.Public support for the establishment of the university has become so crucial that turned while the provincial university in Kharkov city, scientific and cultural center, the capital of education in Ukraine.Kharkov Imperial University was opened January 17, 1805, twelve days, 29 January, the university began classroom training (lectures).History of the Faculty of Law can be divided into five periods - the number of "experienced" faculty statutes (at the time of the Kharkov Imperial University of statutes was four): the first period 1804-1835 he was the second period 1835-1863 he was a third period of 1863 -1884 he was the fourth period 1884-1920 years (closing the Faculty of Law). Fifth, the modern period began in 2004 with the decision to restore the law faculty in the walls of the Kharkov University.The first period (1804-1835 years)The first university charter was approved by the Imperial 5 November 1804. It was common to all universities of the Empire and provided for educational and scientific organization, based on the principles of collegiality and autonomy, the structure which consisted of four branches or departments: 1) moral and political sciences, 2) philology, and 3) physical and mathematical sciences, 4 ) medical and health sciences. The first branch - the moral and political science (or, as it then was called, ethical and political science) and is a faculty of law.Each department consisted of chairs, representing the main research areas at the time. They had to be 28 - by the number of professors (one was a professor of the department, research area).On the ethical-political branch of the first period, there were these departments:Department of Theology;Department interpretation of holy scripture and church history;Department of Theoretical and practical philosophy;Department of natural, political and national rights;Department of Civil and Criminal Justice;Department of Law nobles of ancient and modern peoples;Dept. of diplomacy and political economy.According to the Charter School in 1804 had broad authority for ensuring the educational process and presentation of subjects. Thus, the department responsible for:1) drawing up the curriculum of each discipline;2) an annual determination of the order of teaching faculty and disciplines, the distribution of time;3) examination of persons on the stage, which university has the right to award;4) consideration of the speeches prepared for the announcement at the solemn meeting;5) selection of topics competitive problems with the ad fees, summing up the contest;6) inspection and kazennokoshtnyh svoyekoshtnyh students, activities of training in schools (management schools under the Charter in 1804 was assigned to the universities);7) publication of scientific works (including translations from foreign languages) in local journals and magazines of the Ministry of Education.At the beginning of its existence, Kharkov University was faced with the problem of how we are now speaking, qualified teaching staff.Find candidates for staff positions of professors and lecturers of the University started late in 1802 Karazin and S. Potocki. The result of their actions was confirmed as the first four professors, among whom was a brilliant lawyer, a gifted teacher and administrator JF Tymkovskyy.Tymkovskyy Elijah F., born in 1773 in Pereslavl family regimental Captain. Initial letter received at home, then - in a monastery, church school and a "wandering" seminarians. He studied at Pereiaslav seminary, after which he entered the Kiev Theological Academy, where he spent 5 years. After Kiev Theological Academy continued his studies at Moscow University, after which (in 1797) entered the service of the Prosecutor General of Prince AB Kurakina and was appointed lecturer in Senate Junker Institute (read Russian law).In 1802, IF Tymkovskyy released book, "Location of Systematycheskoe of laws of Russian," which brought him fame expert on Russian law.At the end of 1802 Professor. IF Tymkovskyy received from S. Potocki (the first trustee of Kharkiv Educational District) proposal to take office in Kharkov University, who has just created, and given his consent. March 17, 1803 were approved by the University of states, since the professor. IF Tymkovskoho enrolled full professor of Kharkov University of instruction taught civil and criminal law. But even before the opening of the University of SA Potocki professor assigns. IF Tymkovskomu of very important task - completion of preparatory work with the opening of the University - to which the professor. IF Tymkovskyy of honor lost.Professor. IF Tymkovskyy had great experience with children and love to school rare cases, his outstanding achievements in the initial organization of the University and Pre-University Education was assessed as in 1811, when the output of prof. IF Tymkovskoho resignation, the Board decided to make the journal the following entry:"The University is always with great appreciation will recall that the structure of many schools in our district, now knowledge increaseth strength, due prudence, dedication and tireless work of prof. Tymkovskoho. "Two years before the retirement of Professor. IF Tymkovskyy was elected dean of the Faculty of Law.Scientific merit prof. IF Tymkovskoho rated just two universities: in 1805 the Moscow University awarded him a Doctor utrisque juris, from Kharkov University in 1807 he received a Doctor of Philosophy.Major works: "Systematycheskyy svod of laws of Russian," 1802, "On the application of knowledge rolled condition and objectives of the state" (speech delivered at the University of Meeting January 17, 1808), "Comparing Yustynyanovh of laws of Russian village," 1809; " About formerly in Russia and predmestyah pomestnom right "(speech, declared at a meeting of the University June 30, 1810)," method of experienced K fylosofycheskomu poznanyyu of Russian language ", 1811Filling of vacancies at the Department of Kharkov University was uneven and roztyahnulosya for many years. The data on this subject that are different investigators are contradictory, but in any case, the University started when his staff lacked almost half of the teachers, including 17 professors. However, the level of professional educators Kharkiv - both Russian nationals and foreigners - was quite high, and ethical-political department was one of the best equipped. The first dean was Professor of Philosophy. J. Shad, who taught philosophy, logic, Latin language and literature, psychology, aesthetics, German literature.Shad Johann (John E.), one of the most controversial and most controversial figures of the University for the entire time of its existence, was born in 1758 in the village. Myursbah (Germany) in a peasant family. In 14 years entered the Jesuit seminary. In drawing up the entrance exam from Latin, J. Shad showed the worst knowledge, and even then he decided for himself that will make every effort to know Latin to perfection.In this paper LN Zagursky "of legal department at Kharkov University The first hundred years ego existence (1805-1905)" Unfortunately, no biographical details of the first Dean of the Faculty of Law. The reason is probably that in 1817 Professor. J. Shad was removed from service and banished from Russia freethinking.Here is how Professor. J. Shada in his memoirsProfessor. KD Rommel:"Among the Germans was nayprymitnishym J. Shad, a former Benedictine with a bank in Frankeniyi known by the conflict there the obscurant and mysterious escape. It was the persistent enemy of the Russians, champion of education, literature and philosophy.For students, he found a common language through written work in Latin free of logic (philosophy Propaedeutics), and because of his Jesuit school got good Latin language skills, he played on the radio and in academic discussions larger role ... He surprised us with his inexhaustible knowledge of monastic scandalous stories, especially when it is on the violin, were rescued during a dangerous escape from the jar, recited to me a song of freedom, like a bird singing. He was an absolute cynics, his monastic habit gave itself felt ...Infinite love to hop undermined his health and unhappy marriage with two-handed, greedy wife, a Russian of German descent, was for him ... this home disaster. After a denunciation, where his lectures on metaphysics, which felt philosophy Schelling, characterized as atheistic, it later ... naybezzhalisnym way deported from Kharkov. The rest of his unhappy life he lived in Jena, where he received the Goethe and Schiller and sent through a Russian envoy on. Rumor has it that after his expulsion in 1817 Shad decided to publish the work of Russian ignorance and scandals, but later, due to extreme poverty, was forced to sell his Russian ambassador ... in Berlin shortly before his death ... "Well-known economist, Professor Jacob L. gave students the Faculty of Law political science, law, gosudarstvovedeniya, economics, German literature.Jakob Ludwig Kindratiyovych (Ludwig Heinrich von Jacob) economist suspilstvoznavets, which at the time of arrival to Kharkov already had a European fame, was born in 1759 in the village. Witte (Prussia). In 1777, after graduating from high school went to Magdeburg Gallic University, where he studied philosophy, history, mathematics and pedagogy.In 1785 he received the Ph.D. and started in Gallic University as assistant professor of philosophy. During the first 15 yrs of professorial teaching philosophy, then turned to the study of social and economic sciences. His lectures on the history of politics and even captured the audience attention were marked Prussian king.Within three years, from 1803 to 1806 (closing Gallic University of Napoleon I) prof. L. Jacob held the post of rector.In 1807, invited S. Potocki, prof. L. Jacob agreed to go to Kharkov University, where he was promoted to ordinary professor of diplomacy and political economy.In 1816, Professor. L. Jakob turned to the Gallic University Department of Economics, ending the civil service in Russia with the rank of State Councilor and rank of the Russian nobleman.Author of 35 works, two of which were translated into Russian: "The course of philosophy to the Russian empire hymnazyy, sochynenny Ludwig Heinrich Jacob," in 1817, "On the money. Reasoning LG Jacob "in 1810Colleague Professor. L. Jacob, by the time an associate, later - Professor J. Lang gave the Kharkiv university courses in philosophy, mathematics, law, political economy and psychology.Lang Joseph Matveevich (Ioseph Lang), professor of mathematics and economics. In the period from 1793 to 1798 he was studying in Freyburzkomu University, where he studied philosophy and jurisprudence. After graduation he taught these subjects.In 1803 he moved to Kharkov University for the post of adjunct philosophy and mathematics, in 1809 he became extraordinary professor in 1812 - full professor of philosophy.Since the opening of the University in 1812 served as Secretary of ethical and political division, in 1807 from combining this position with the position of Librarian.In addition to lectures by a teacher of mathematics, from 1807 taught discipline "natural, state and national law."Upon submission of the Minister of religious affairs and public education for unauthorized travel abroad in 1819 "released completely from the university without a certificate."So, thanks to prof. IF Tymkovskomu Sci. Shadu J. Sci. L. Jacob and prof. J. Lang, who led most of the subjects in the seven departments of the Faculty were provided with the teaching of philosophy, Russian law, logic, political economy, Latin, rhetoric. As for theology, which were read by priests appointed by the Holy Synod, the long time this science was no one to teach.According to the Charter in 1894, the faculty consisted of professors and associate, headed by the dean, who was elected to full professor. Dean of the Faculty during the period from 1804 to 1835 were: prof. J. Shad,Professor. IF Tymkovskyy Sci. F. Shveykart Sci. BA Raith Sci. KP P., Archpriest A. Mogilevskiy Sci. GM D. Sci. TF Stepanov.Stepanov Tikhon F., born in 1795 in Voronezh family official. In 1814 entered the Kharkov University, graduating with a degree candidate in ethics and political office. In 1823 he was appointed professor of history and geography of the Kharkov Institute for Noble Maidens, and in 1824 received a master's political history and geography for the work "O in political equilibrium."In 1830, TF Stepanov moves the service to St. Petersburg, two years later, in 1832, he returned to Kharkov, received appointment as extraordinary professor of Kharkov University in the department of political economy.In 1835, Professor. TF Stepanov was elected dean of the Faculty of Law, in 1837 - was appointed rector of the University.In 1845 prof. TF Stepanov for health reasons resigned.In his autobiography, written in 1845,Professor. TF Stepanov recalls his student years. As a student, he suffered extreme poverty, which is for life undermined his health, but nevertheless he mastered French, German and English, had a deep knowledge in the field of economics.Author of many scientific articles (published in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education, Literary Gazette and other publications). A special edition was published the following works: "Vstupytelnaya lecture on polytycheskoy savings, chytannaya in Imperial Kharkov unyversytete AS kstraordynarnoho professor" in 1832, "Notes on polytycheskoy savings" in 2 parts, 1844 and 1848, "Obschenarodnoe right" , in 2 vols, 1847The second period (1835-1863 years)The second period of the history of the Faculty of Law begins June 26In 1835 with the adoption of a new General Statute of the Imperial Russian Universities. According to the Charter of ethical and political office have changed the list of departments (their number, compared with the Charter in 1804, remained unchanged - seven):Department of encyclopedias and general review of legislation;Department of Roman law and its history;Department of civil laws, general, special, local;Department of Laws and improvement blahochynstva;Dept. of laws on public duties and finances;Department of Police and criminal laws;Department of bases nationwide law.Charter in 1835 introduces five departments of the national legislation (instead of one) and a new science - an encyclopedia of jurisprudence.